The Department of State announced yesterday that India had agreed to end-use monitoring of U.S. defense articles and technology sold to India. The establishment of an end-use monitoring program is required by the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) in order to improve accountability with respect to defense articles and defense services sold, leased, or exported by the U.S. to foreign countries. The move should open the door to billions of dollars worth of U.S. defense and other high tech exports to India.
According to a joint statement released by the Department, “noting the enhanced co-operation in defence under the Defence Co-operation Framework Agreement of 2005, External Affairs Minister and Secretary Clinton reiterated the commitment of both Governments to pursue mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of defence. External Affairs Minister Krishna announced that both sides had reached agreement on End Use Monitoring for U.S. defense articles.”
Additional civilian nuclear power cooperation under the auspices of the U.S.-India 123 agreement was also announced as well as outer space and other high-tech information exchanges. “Building on the success of the India –U.S. Civil Nuclear Initiative, on July 21, India and the United States will begin consultations on reprocessing arrangements and procedures, as provided in Article 6 (iii) of the 123 Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation between India and the United States,” says the statement.
Finally, “recognizing the great potential in India-U.S. science and technology collaboration, the two sides have concluded a Science and Technology Endowment Agreement, and signed a Technology Safeguards Agreement that will permit the launch of civil or non-commercial satellites containing U.S. components on Indian space launch vehicles. Both sides welcomed India’s participation in the FutureGen Project for the construction of the first commercial scale fully integrated carbon capture and sequestration project and India’s participation in the Integrated Ocean Development Project, an international endeavour for enhancing the understanding of Earth and Ocean dynamics and addressing the challenges of climate change.”
The joint statement is available here.